It is important to note that when there are two children in the family and one of them has the flu, the main family member who is relatively immobile should try to take care of the patient and take care of safety precautions; other main family members should try to avoid touching the flu patient, especially children who are not infected with the flu.
In this flu season, how can we detect the flu as soon as possible? What are the symptoms? How to prevent children from getting the flu? How to prevent influenza in daily life? Previously, there are authoritative experts in the family physician online consultation service platform to help me explain this problem in detail.
What is the difference between influenza and viral flu? How to confirm the diagnosis?
How can I tell if I have the flu or a viral cold? What are the significant symptoms of influenza? Dr. Chi Xiaoling, director of the liver disease specialist at Guangdong Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, told us that viral flu is caused by a variety of viral infections and is often released, with a slow onset and significant upper respiratory symptoms and lighter symptoms all over the body. Fever cold alias wind chill, also known as acute sinusitis or respiratory khat, is specific to the throat khat symptoms. Adults are mostly seen caused by rhinovirus, followed by parainfluenza virus infection, respiratory syncytial virus, echovirus infection and coxsackievirus. The onset of the disease is rapid, with a dry throat, itchy or burning sensation in the early stage, and in addition or several hours after the onset of the disease, there may be sneezing, nose blockage, cold water-like runny nose, which thickens after 2 to 3 days. It can be accompanied by sore throat, sometimes because of Eustachian tube inflammation makes English hearing reduced, also can occur tearing, taste bud retardation, breathing difficulty, hoarseness, small amount of dry cough, etc. There is usually no fever or generalized illness, or only a low fever, malaise, mild chills and headache.
The examination thus reveals hematoma, puffiness, and minute muster of the nasal mucosa and slight hematoma of the throat. If there is no disease onset, it is usually cured in 5~7 days. It is relatively difficult to distinguish from mild form of influenza, and accurate identification requires corresponding examination of pathogenic bacteria. The corresponding test for influenza virus infection in general influenza is negative.
Influenza is diagnosed using a hierarchy of criteria for confirmation. The diagnosis can be confirmed during the epidemic and pandemic periods based on clinical manifestations, but the initial release of influenza cases should integrate epidemiological history, clinical symptoms, and laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis comprehensively.
How to prevent influenza in daily life?
Dr. Liang Donghui, Director of the Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion of Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, informed in the online consultation service platform of family physicians that it is important to ensure sufficient sleep, maintain a stable mental substance mentality, consume sufficient fluids and take ingredients with nutritional content, etc. Try to avoid touching flu-like patients.
Pay attention to cleanliness and hygiene, often apply soap and cold water to wash and disinfect hands, especially after a dry cough or snorting. Try to avoid going out especially to venues where groups gather. During the flu epidemic, pregnant women who are expecting should wear a mask when they go out and should minimize the time they stay in crowded places.
Prevent multiple reuse of protective masks. If you have a mask that can be reused multiple times, be sure to sterilize it and air-dry it after application. Cover your mouth and nose with toilet paper when coughing or snorting, and throw the used toilet paper into the trash. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands as much as possible. Maintain good natural ventilation in your home and workplace.
How to prevent influenza in children?
Relatively speaking, children and teenagers have poor resistance and often come out in public places such as campus and ecological parks, so how can children and teenagers prevent pediatric influenza? Dr. Qiu Meiqing, Director of the Department of Pulmonary Diseases of Guangzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, informs us that there are several levels of prevention of influenza (flu) as follows.
①When there is a flu epidemic, pay attention to prevent taking children to public places, such as theaters, large shopping malls and other areas where groups gather, and if it is difficult to avoid going to public places, you can put a mask on your child. There are certain isolation measures between sick children and children to prevent mutual infection.
②The residence should be disinfected and sterilized, and the vinegar disinfection method can be used. Close the windows and doors, put 2-5ml of vinegar per cubic meter of indoor space, put water 1-2 times, and heat it up until it is vaporized, so as to disinfect and sterilize the house, once a day for several days.
③ Pay attention to the symptoms of cold, whether there is dry cough, whether there is sore throat, whether there is slight increase of basic body temperature, whether there is mucus and runny nose or blocked nose and squirting, etc. Some babies can be accompanied by abdominal pain, diarrhea, and some babies can be caused by high fever and twitching, most of them can be cured within a week, but if the history of the disease changes or intensifies, it is likely to be combined with other diseases.